Is 2014 the end of subway dancing?

Update 4/30: this story has gone around the media in the last 24 hours, and meaningfulpositive coverage is streaming in. Maybe New York loves Showtime — is that why the dancers are still there? Join the debate on Twitter under #WarOnShowtime. BuskNYers, let’s give a voice to performers who are popular, who are iconic, and who most of all do not deserve to be saddled with misdemeanor records.

Since the beginning of the ‘subway crackdown‘ this year, arrests of performers on trains have skyrocketed. Some of these arrests have occurred to musicians, and in one case, even to clowns charged with offering nuts to riders. But the brunt of the arrests have targeted one of the most vulnerable groups in the subway: train dancers.

Official numbers have recently come in, and they are bleak. According to a New York Post report, 46 performers have been arrested. Worse, those performers — all 46 — have been charged not with a violation of the MTA Rules, but with reckless endangerment.

Are these dancers in fact reckless hooligans? Far from it. It’s clear that train performers view their work as positive: they highlight that dancing has given them opportunities for success, and that they engage subway riders with optimism and enthusiasm. What’s more, dancers’ broad support among riders is reflected — even if the MTA pays no heed to this statistic — in the outpouring of contributions they receive. 

Nonetheless, under Bratton’s explicit directions against dancers, the NYPD has taken the shortest route to criminalization. Ignoring MTA guidelines entirely, police have charged all 46 with misdemeanor reckless endangerment rather than an MTA violation, citing the narrow distance between their performance and subway riders.

In light of the NYPD’s close focus on this art form, two questions should be raised. First, why have the police targeted, among all other subway entertainment, the tradition most practiced by young minority men? Is it possible that the crackdown is coming from the “new system where the MTA shares riders’ complaints with the police,” as reported by the Post? The implication is that Bratton’s subway policy is driven, not by a rational understanding of public safety, but by a witchhunt against those performers perceived to be ‘most annoying.’ If those subway riders most likely to file official MTA complaints also happen to be opposed to manifestations of popular culture, it seems that the police won’t hesitate to assuage their worries, even if it means creating 46 criminal records.

Second, what can explain the decision to charge these performers with misdemeanor reckless endangerment? Was it not appropriate to charge them, far more cogently, with a violation of MTA rules? In the stark absence of actual evidence of dancers causing accidents, the highly theoretical choice of reckless endangerment means the NYPD believes this tradition to be so strong that it requires special means. And for once, they’re right. Summonses alone cannot stop one of the longest-running and most emblematic forms of artistic expression in the MTA.


NYC may diss its train performers often, but it loves them too. That’s why they’re there: they’re popular. That the NYPD has chosen to escalate the fight against artistic performance into a sustained campaign of misdemeanor charges speaks to an attitude that has given up on community policing long ago. And that means the fight isn’t lost yet.

5 thoughts on “Is 2014 the end of subway dancing?

  1. Those guys are doing something like physical jazz – an artform. An amazing, exhuberant expression of black urban vitality. You can always rely on ‘authorities’ to do their best to crush spontaneity of any kind.

  2. Personally, the whole ‘sanctioned art’ thing is a huge oxymoron from the get go & at it’s essence stifles all forms of innovation & creativity. Allowing only ‘pre-approved’ / sanitized ‘art’ is not art, nor is that freedom of expression. It is corporate control at it’s nit-picking worst – plain and simple

  3. It’s not an art form, it’s an annoyance in a confined space. Strolling into a train car and putting on a show for a captive audience that didn’t ask for it certainly warrants getting a citation. “Reckless Endangerment” might be going a little too far – although one of these clowns did bump into me. I’m glad they’re being cracked down on. If they want to put on a show, set up shop somewhere folks have the option to see or not see it.

  4. Read the book, “The New Jim Crow” by Michelle Alexander. It’s about race control by imprisonment in the US. As these subway arrests criminalize primarily black or brown youth, it’s the same system outlined in this book’s discussion of the ‘War on Drugs’ – only now it’s a war on dancing.

  5. Bee — offensive language, threats, or physical contact are already banned by MTA rules. If the MTA and NYPD are ready to reduce them, more power to them, and BuskNY encourages them to use the legal tools already available to do so.

    However, though equating dancing with offensive language and threats is tempting, they are not the same thing. We condemn dancers who behave criminally, but it’s different — even if it seems like an easy step to you — to suggest that dancers must be criminals.

    Finally, though you suggest that criminal behavior, not dancing, is the real problem, the NYPD and MTA could fight subway dancing under the MTA rules, which already prohibit on-train performances. That they have charged dancers with reckless endangerment rather than on-train performance is a troubling example of overloading charges to prove a point.

Comments are closed.